|Regional center||Davao City|
|– Density||186.9 per km²|
|– Cong. districts||11|
|Languages||Davaoeño, Cebuano, Mandayan, Dibabawon, Mansakan, Manobo, Tagalog, others|
Davao Region, designated as Region XI, is one of the regions of the Philippines, located on the southeastern portion of Mindanao. Davao Region consists of four provinces, namely: Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental. The region encloses the Davao Gulf and its regional center is Davao City.
Region XI was originally called Southern Mindanao, and in addition to the three Davao provinces also included Surigao del Sur and South Cotabato. At that time, Compostela Valley was still part of Davao del Norte. Republic Act No. 7225, ratified on March 16 1992, created the province of Sarangani from South Cotabato. Then, Republic Act No. 7901, signed on February 3 1995, by President Fidel V. Ramos transferred Surigao del Sur into the newly created region of Caraga (Region XIII). Finally, on September 19, 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's Executive Order No. 36 reorganized the regions and provinces in Mindanao. This moved South Cotabato and Sarangani to SOCCSKSARGEN region and renamed Southern Mindanao as Davao Region.
This region also bears the nickname Silicon Gulf.
The region is an immigration area, with a mixture of migrants, which include Cebuanos, Ilonggos and Ilocanos. Its ethnic groups include Manobos, Bagobos, Maiisakas, Maguindanon, T’boli, Tirurays and a few Muslims.
The region has a generally uniform distribution of rainfall through the year.
Aside from its forestland and fertile fields, Southern Mindanao has mineral resources of chrornite, iron, nickel, and manganese, gold, copper and other non-metallic minerals. Five of the major fishing grounds of the Philippines are located in the region.
While the region’s economy is predominantly agri-based, it is now developing into a center for agro-industrial business, trade and tourism. Its competitive advantage is in agri-industry as its products, bananas, pineapples, fresh asparagus, and fish products are exported abroad. The region can be a vital link to markets in other parts of Mindanao, Brunei Darussalam and parts of Malaysia and Indonesia.
There is a gradual shift to industrialization as shown with industry’s growth rate of 8.1% in 1996. Other economic activities are mining, fishery, forestry and agriculture.
The region’s principal ports are in Sasa and Sta. Ana in Davao City and the port of Nakar in General Santos City. Infrastructure developments in the two cities are considered excellent.
The airports in Davao City and General Santos City are the largest and most developed in Mindanao. The region is accessible by land, air and sea. The region has adequate communications facilities, reliable power and an abundant water supply.
| Pop. density|
|Davao del Norte||Tagum City||743,811||3,462.82||214.8|
|Davao del Sur||Digos City||758,801||3,934.01||192.9|
- Digos City, Davao del Sur
- Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte
- Panabo City, Davao del Norte
- Tagum City, Davao del Norte